CONCEPT OF EQUALITY IN ISLAM
By :- SUHAIL AAMIR LONE
One basic element in the value system of islam is the principle of equality. This value of equality is not to be mistaken for Or confused with identicalness Or stereotype. Islam teaches that in the sight of God, all men are equal but these are not necessarily identical. There are differences of abilities, potential, ambitions, wealth and so on. Yet one of these differences can by itself establish a status of superiority of one man Or race to another. The stock of man, the colour of his prestige he enjoys have no bearing on the character and personality of the individual as far as God is concerned, the only criterion which God applies, is the criterion of goodnessand spiritual excellence. In the Quran God says O man kind verily we have created u from a single pair of male and a female and have made you into nations and tribes that you may know each other. Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of God is most reghteous. The differences of race colour social status are only accendital. They don’t affect the true strature of man in the sight of God. Again the value of equality is not simple a matter of constitutional rights of gentlemen’s agreement or condescending charity. It is an article of faith which the Muslim takes seriously and to which he must adhere sincerely. The foundation of this islamic value of equality is deeply rooted in the structure of islam.
It sums from basic principles such as the following.
1 All men are created by one and the same and eternal God., the supreme Lord of all.
2 All mankind belong to the human race and shares equally in the common perentageof Adam and Eve.
3 God is just and kind to all his creatures. He is not partial to any race, age religion. The whole universeis his dominion and all people are his creatures.
4 All people are born equal in the sense that none brings any possession with him and they die equal in the sense that they take back nothing of their worldly belongings.
5 God judges every person on the basis of his own merits and according to his own merits and according to his own deeds.
6.God has conferred on man, man as such a title of honor and dignity.
Such are some of the principles behind the values of equality in Islam. When this concept is fully utilized it will leave no place for predujice or persecution. And when his divine ordinance is fully implemented there will be no room for oppression are suppression. Concepts of chosen and gentle people words such as privileged and condemned races, expression such as social castes and second class citizens will be meaningless and obsolete….
(Author is Second year student at GDC Bemina Srinagar (cluster university of Srinagar,These are the personal views of author, KT don’t depict the views )